Equitable remedies are a set of non-monetary remedies available in legal systems influenced by equity, which is a branch of law that focuses on fairness and justice. These remedies are typically granted by courts when the common law remedies, such as monetary damages, are not sufficient to address the harm caused by a breach or other legal issues. Here are explanations of the equitable remedies you mentioned:
Injunction: An injunction is an equitable remedy that involves a court order directing a party to do or refrain from doing a specific act. It is used to prevent harm, maintain the status quo, or enforce specific obligations. In contract law, an injunction may be granted to prevent a party from breaching a contract or to compel them to fulfill their contractual obligations.
Specific Performance: Specific performance is an equitable remedy where the court orders the breaching party to fulfill their contractual obligations as agreed. It is typically used when monetary damages would be inadequate or when the subject matter of the contract is unique, such as real estate or rare items.
Account of Profits: An account of profits is a remedy that requires a party to disclose and disgorge any profits obtained as a result of their breach or wrongful conduct. It aims to prevent the breaching party from benefiting unjustly from their actions.
Rescission: Rescission is an equitable remedy that allows the cancellation or termination of a contract. It aims to put the parties back into the position they were in before the contract was formed. Rescission is typically available in cases of fraud, misrepresentation, mistake, or other circumstances that render the contract voidable.
Rectification: Rectification is an equitable remedy used to correct mistakes in a written contract that does not accurately reflect the parties' intentions. The court can order the contract to be reformed to reflect the true agreement between the parties.
Equitable Estoppel: Equitable estoppel is a doctrine that prevents a party from asserting their strict legal rights if it would be unfair or unjust to allow them to do so. It is based on the principles of fairness and good faith.
Constructive Trust: A constructive trust is an equitable remedy that arises when a person wrongfully holds property or assets that belong to someone else. The court may impose a trust on the property, requiring the wrongful holder to hold it for the rightful owner.
Subrogation: Subrogation is an equitable remedy that allows a party who has compensated another party's loss to step into the shoes of the compensated party and assert their rights against the party responsible for the loss.
Equitable Lien: An equitable lien is a right or interest in property that serves as security for a debt or obligation. It allows the party owed to claim an interest in specific property until the debt or obligation is satisfied.
Equitable Compensation: Equitable compensation is a remedy that aims to compensate the injured party for their loss or harm caused by a breach or other wrongful conduct. It may include compensation for financial loss, inconvenience, emotional distress, or other equitable considerations.
Appointment or Removal of Fiduciary: In cases where a fiduciary (a person in a position of trust and responsibility) has breached their duties, the court may appoint a new fiduciary or remove the existing one to protect the interests of the beneficiaries.
Interpleader: Interpleader is an equitable remedy used when two or more parties make competing claims to the same property or funds held by a third party. The third party can deposit the property or funds with the court and let the claimants resolve their dispute.
Equitable Tracing: Equitable tracing is a remedy used to trace and recover property or funds that have been wrongfully misappropriated or unjustly enriched. It allows the injured party to follow the flow of the misappropriated property or funds and claim a beneficial interest in them, even if they have been commingled with other assets.
It is important to note that equitable remedies are discretionary and are granted by the court based on the specific circumstances of each case. The court considers factors such as the nature of the breach, the parties' conduct, and the overall fairness and justice of the situation when determining the appropriate equitable remedy.
You can learn more about this topic and relevant case law with our Contract Law and Equity and Trusts notes.