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Study with our highly effective exam-focused law notes written by world-class legal educators with reference to the LLB programme of the University of London, SQE assessment specification, and CILEX qualification framework.


UOLLB First Class Law Notes are suitable for anyone studying common law at any university or preparing for law exams, including the SQE, CILEX, LLB, PGDL, GDL, LPC, LLM, MA Law, MLaw, and UOL.


All difficult legal concepts are turned into digestible bullet points, arranged in a memorable sequence, and supported by case law and statute law. You will learn more efficiently from our notes than from your textbooks or subject guides.


Most importantly, you will learn essential law exam skills and essay writing techniques that are not taught in class. We will show you how to answer problem questions and write law essays step by step to achieve first-class results.


It is totally possible to achieve first-class results by self-study. The topics also cover the SQE and CILEX assessment specifications, so you will revise for multiple professional qualifications with one set of notes.


⭐️ UOLLB First Class Law Notes are updated every year to reflect any changes in the curriculum.


Be amazed by our top-notch legal study materials developed by world-class faculty, and discover the secret to getting first-class results and passing your professional exams.


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UOLLB First Class Law Notes

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Statutory provisions are provided side by side with legal concepts to help you swiftly locate the relevant legislation.

Case Summaries

We have summarised important cases for you so that you don't need to read long and boring cases.

Rules and Exceptions

Rules and exceptions are clearly listed so that you know when a rule applies and when it doesn't.

Terminology

Legal terms and key concepts are explained at the beginning of each chapter to help you learn efficiently.

Case Law

Case law is provided side by side with legal concepts so that you know how legal principles and precedents were established.

Law Essay Guide

You will learn essential law exam skills and essay writing techniques that are not taught in class.

Problem Question Guide

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Structured Explanations

Complex legal concepts are broken down into concise and digestible bullet point explanations.

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House of Laws ⋆ Case Summaries ⋆ UK Law ⋆ US Law ⋆ EU Law ⋆ Legal Writing ⋆ Legal English ⋆ SQE ⋆ LLB Exams ⋆ Bar Exams ⋆ A-Level Law ⋆ Exam Skills ⋆ LLB Admissions ⋆ LLM Admissions ⋆ JD Admissions ⋆ Law Schools ⋆ Law Modules ⋆ Careers Advice ⋆ Law Firms ⋆ Job Openings ⋆ Internships ⋆ Rankings

⋆ SQE

House of Laws ⋆ Case Summaries ⋆ UK Law ⋆ US Law ⋆ EU Law ⋆ Legal Writing ⋆ Legal English ⋆ SQE ⋆ LLB Exams ⋆ Bar Exams ⋆ A-Level Law ⋆ Exam Skills ⋆ LLB Admissions ⋆ LLM Admissions ⋆ JD Admissions ⋆ Law Schools ⋆ Law Modules ⋆ Careers Advice ⋆ Law Firms ⋆ Job Openings ⋆ Internships ⋆ Rankings ⋆ SQE

Retroactive vs Retrospective vs Reactive vs Proactive vs Prospective
The concepts of retroactive law, retrospective law, reactive law, proactive law, and prospective law weave threads that influence the dynamic landscape of governance and justice. These concepts represent different approaches and temporal aspects with...
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Rationale for Inventive Step Requirement in Patent Law
The rationale for the inventive step, also known as non-obviousness, lies in ensuring that patents are granted only for truly innovative and non-trivial inventions. This requirement is a fundamental aspect of patent law and serves several important p...
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History of Patents
The history of patents and patent law is a fascinating journey that spans centuries and civilisations. The origins can be traced back to ancient times, with glimpses of patent-like systems appearing in places like Ancient Greece. In 500 BCE, the city...
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Character Merchandising
Character merchandising, also known as character licensing or character branding, is a marketing strategy that involves the use of fictional or real characters, often from popular media or entertainment, to promote and sell various products and servi...
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Duty Suspension Arrangement
A Duty suspension arrangement refers to a situation where the payment of customs duties on certain goods is temporarily suspended or deferred. This arrangement allows businesses or individuals to import, export, or move goods within a specific jurisd...
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Assignment vs Licensing
Assignment and licensing are legal concepts that involve the transfer of rights, but they differ in their scope and nature. When individuals or entities wish to share or transfer their intellectual property rights, they often turn to legal mechanisms...
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Purposes of Trademark
Trademarks emerge as powerful symbols encapsulating the essence of a business. Beyond mere identifiers, trademarks serve as guardians of brand identity, fostering recognition, trust, and loyalty among consumers. From providing legal protection to enh...
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Purposes of Jurisprudence
Jurisprudence serves several important purposes within the field of law and legal philosophy. These purposes help to guide the study, analysis, and understanding of the nature of law. Understanding the nature of law: Jurisprudence seeks to explore an...
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Natural Law vs Positive Law
Natural law and positive law are two distinct theories within jurisprudence that provide different perspectives on the nature and source of law. The relationship between these two perspectives has been a subject of ongoing debate within jurisprudence...
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Descriptive Theory vs Normative Theories
Descriptive and normative theories are two distinct approaches within the field of jurisprudence, which is the philosophical study of law. These theories address different questions and aspects of law, providing insights into how legal systems are un...
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History of Trademark
The history of trademarks spans centuries and reflects the evolution of commerce, branding, and legal systems. The earliest trademarks date back to ancient times, and the concept has evolved over the centuries. Ancient origins: The use of marks ...
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How to Become a Lawyer in Scotland
In recent years, the landscape of legal education and training in Scotland has undergone a significant transformation, offering multiple routes for aspiring solicitors and advocates. Understanding the intricacies of these pathways is crucial for thos...
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Historical Foundations of English and Scottish Legal Systems
The English and Scottish legal systems have historical roots that date back centuries. The English legal system has its origins in the common law tradition, which developed over centuries through judicial decisions and legal precedents. The Scottish ...
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Express Licence vs Implied Licence
An express licence and an implied licence are two different legal concepts related to intellectual property rights, such as copyrights, patents, and trademarks. They govern how rights are granted or conveyed to others. Express LicenceIt is a licence ...
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Implied Licence
An implied licence refers to a licence granted by the owner of a copyright or intellectual property rights that is not explicitly stated in a formal written agreement but is understood or implied based on the actions or conduct of the parties involve...
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History of Copyright
Copyright law, a cornerstone of intellectual property rights, has a rich and evolving history that spans centuries. It has continually adapted to the changing landscape of technology and creativity, seeking to strike a balance between safeguarding th...
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Search Order
A search order, also known as an Anton Piller order, is a legal remedy or court order that allows a party, typically the plaintiff or petitioner, to search and seize evidence or property from another party's premises without prior notice. Search orde...
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Freezing Order
A freezing order, also known as a Mareva injunction, is a legal remedy or court order that prevents a party from disposing of or dealing with their assets, typically financial assets, pending the outcome of legal proceedings. The purpose of a freezin...
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Interim Injunction
An interim injunction, also known as a preliminary injunction, temporary injunction or interlocutory injunction, is a court order issued during the course of a legal proceeding that temporarily restrains a party from taking certain actions or compels...
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Purposes of Interim Injunction
An interim injunction is a court order issued during the course of a legal proceeding that temporarily restrains a party from taking certain actions or compels them to perform specific actions until a final judgment is reached in the case. Its primar...
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Anti-competitive Practices
Anti-competitive practices are actions or strategies employed by businesses, individuals, or entities to undermine or distort competition in a market, often to their own advantage but at the expense of consumers, other competitors, or the market as a...
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Impact of Retained EU Law
Retained EU law is a legal concept in the context of the UK's withdrawal from the EU. It refers to the body of EU law and legislation that, following Brexit, has been incorporated into UK law to ensure legal continuity and stability. This concept is ...
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History of Intellectual Property
Intellectual property (IP) refers to a legal concept that grants exclusive rights to individuals or entities for their intellectual creations and innovations. It is a crucial means of protecting intangible assets, including ideas, inventions, creativ...
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Functions of Intellectual Property
Intellectual property (IP) refers to a category of legal rights that are granted to individuals or entities for their creations or inventions, providing them with exclusive rights to use, distribute, and profit from these intangible assets. It serves...
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Major Principles of Criminal Law
Criminal Law is a cornerstone of any just and orderly society, and its foundation is built upon a set of guiding principles.Β These principles serve as the foundation for the legal systems in many countries and are designed to ensure fairness, justice...
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R v Looseley 2001 | Evidence
R v Looseley [2001] UKHL 53, [2001] 1 WLR 2060 is a legal case that involves the consideration of the principle of entrapment in the context of criminal law. The judgment is presented in the form of opinions from several Lords, including Lord Nicholl...
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Stevenson, Jordan & Harrison Ltd v MacDonald & Evans 1952 | Intellectual Property
Stevenson, Jordan & Harrison Ltd v MacDonald & Evans (1952) 1 TLR 101 is a significant UK labour law case that addresses the complex issue of copyright ownership in the context of an individual's work created in the course of employment.In th...
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OBG Ltd v Allan 2007 | Tort Law
OBG Ltd v Allan [2007] UKHL 21 was a significant case in English law, dealing with economic torts and the liability of receivers. It was a combined appeal that included the cases of Douglas v Hello! Ltd and Mainstream Properties Ltd v Young, and it i...
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Douglas v Hello! Ltd 2005 | Intellectual Property
Douglas v Hello! Ltd (2005) EWCA Civ 595 is a significant legal case in the UK involving the unauthorised publication of photographs from the wedding of the celebrities Michael Douglas and Catherine Zeta-Jones. This case revolved around issues relate...
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Parker v Clark 1960 | Contract Law
Parker v Clark (1960) 1 WLR 286 is an English contract law case that deals with the concept of reliance and the creation of legal relations in a social or familial agreement. The case involved a dispute between the Clarks, an elderly couple, and thei...
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O'Neill v Phillips 1999 | Company Law
O'Neill v Phillips (1999) UKHL 24 is a significant UK company law case that deals with the concept of members of a business having their legitimate expectations disappointed and the action for unfair prejudice under section 459 of the Companies Act 1...
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Ebrahimi v Westbourne Galleries Ltd 1973 | Company Law
Ebrahimi v Westbourne Galleries Ltd (1973) AC 360 is a significant UK company law case that deals with the rights of minority shareholders in a closely held company. The case established the concept of a quasi-partnership and clarified the circumstan...
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Chen and Zhu v Home Secretary 2004 | EU Law
C-200/02 Chen v Home Secretary 2004, officially known as Man Lavette Chen and Kunqian Catherine Zhu v Secretary of State for the Home Department, was a significant decision by the European Court of Justice. concerning nationality law and the right to...
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Al-Khawaja and Tahery v United Kingdom 2009 | Evidence
Al-Khawaja and Tahery v United Kingdom (2009) is a landmark judgment by the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) concerning the application of the right to a fair trial under Article 6 of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR). The case inv...
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R v Horncastle 2009 | Evidence
R v Horncastle & Others (2009) UKSC 14 was a significant decision by the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom that dealt with the admissibility of hearsay evidence in criminal trials and its compatibility with the right to a fair trial as guarante...
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McLibel Case | Tort Law
The McLibel case, officially known as McDonald's Corporation v Steel & Morris (1997) EWHC 366 (QB), refers to a famous and lengthy legal battle between McDonald's Corporation and two activists, Helen Steel and Dave Morris, from the UK. The case i...
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Best v Chief Land Registrar 2015 | Land Law
R (on the application of Best) v Chief Land Registrar (2015) EWCA Civ 17 deals with the concept of adverse possession in property law, specifically in the context of the Legal Aid, Sentencing and Punishment of Offenders Act 2012 (LASPO 2012) in Engla...
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R v R 1991 | Criminal Law
R v R (1991) UKHL 12 was a pivotal legal decision in the United Kingdom, establishing that it is a crime for a husband to rape his wife, effectively abolishing marital rape exemption under common law.The defendant, R, married his wife in 1984, but th...
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R v Chaytor 2010 | Public Law
R v Chaytor (2010) UKSC 52 was a landmark legal case decided by the UK Supreme Court in 2010. This case is commonly known as the Chaytor case and is related to the prosecution of three former Members of Parliament for false accounting in connection w...
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R (Miller) v Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union 2017 | Public Law
R (Miller) v Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union (2017) UKSC 5, also known as Miller I, was a pivotal legal case decided by the UK Supreme Court on January 24, 2017. This case revolved around the fundamental question of whether the Brit...
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R (Miller) v The Prime Minister and Cherry v Advocate General for Scotland 2019 | Public Law
R (Miller) v The Prime Minister and Cherry v Advocate General for Scotland (2019) UKSC 41, commonly referred to as Miller II or Miller/Cherry, were joint landmark constitutional law cases on the limits of the power of royal prerogative used by the Go...
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R v Wilson 1997 | Criminal Law
R v Wilson (1997) QB 47 is a well-known case in English criminal law decided by the Court of Appeal, establishing the rule that consent to acts that may cause actual bodily harm is a valid consent. It was distinguished from R v Brown (1993), where co...
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R v Brown 1994 | Criminal Law
R v Brown (1993) UKHL 19, (1994) 1 AC 212 is a landmark case in English criminal law decided by the House of Lords. It is often referred to as the Spanner case due to the nature of the activities involved. This case established the principle that con...
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Shelby County v Holder 2013 | US Supreme Court Case
Shelby County v Holder (2013) 570 US 529 is a significant US Supreme Court case concerning the constitutionality of Sections 4 and 5 of the Voting Rights Act of 1965. This case had a major impact on voting rights in the United States, particularly wi...
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Brown v Board of Education of Topeka 1954 | US Supreme Court Case
Brown v Board of Education of Topeka (1954) 347 US 483 is one of the most important and influential Supreme Court cases in US history, addressing the issue of racial segregation in public schools. It was ruled that US state laws establishing racial s...
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Loving v Virginia 1967 | US Supreme Court Case
Loving v Virginia (1967) 388 US 1 is a landmark Supreme Court case that was decided in 1967. This case played a pivotal role in ending racial segregation in the United States and is particularly significant for its impact on interracial marriage.The ...
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Obergefell v Hodges 2015 | US Supreme Court Case
Obergefell v Hodges (2015) 576 US 644 is a landmark Supreme Court case in US constitutional law that was decided in 2015. This case addressed the constitutionality of state bans on same-sex marriage and established marriage equality as the law of the...
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District of Columbia v Heller 2008 | US Supreme Court Case
District of Columbia v Heller (2008) 554 US 570 is a landmark Supreme Court case clarifying that the Second Amendment protects an individual's right to possess firearms for lawful purposes unrelated to militia service, striking down the District of C...
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McDonald v City of Chicago 2010 | US Supreme Court Case
McDonald v City of Chicago (2010) 561 US 742 is a landmark Supreme Court case clarifying that the Second Amendment's protection of an individual's right to keep and bear arms applies to state and local governments through incorporation via the Fourte...
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American Cyanamid v Ethicon 1975 | Civil Procedure
American Cyanamid Co v Ethicon Ltd (1975) UKHL 1 is a landmark case in English law that laid down important principles regarding the granting of interlocutory injunctions, which is an interim court order issued during the course of a legal proceeding...
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