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UOL Conflict of Laws

Conflict of Laws offers a comprehensive exploration of the legal principles that govern situations involving legal issues spanning multiple jurisdictions. In an increasingly interconnected world, conflicts of laws arise when legal matters have international implications. This course delves into the complexities of characterisation, jurisdiction, and the recognition of foreign judgments, providing students with a nuanced understanding of how legal systems interact.


1. Introduction

The introductory module sets the foundation for the course, defining the scope and significance of conflict of laws. Students explore the reasons for conflicts, the challenges they pose, and the legal principles that guide the resolution of such conflicts in a global legal landscape.


2. Characterisation

Characterisation involves determining the legal nature of a dispute or issue. This module delves into the process of characterising legal matters, addressing the principles and methods used to classify issues such as contracts, torts, and property under the laws of different jurisdictions.


3. Exclusion of Foreign Law

The exclusion of foreign law is a crucial aspect of conflict resolution. Students explore the circumstances under which a legal system may exclude or refuse to apply foreign law, considering the implications for cases involving international elements.


4. Domicile and Residence

Domicile and residence are key factors in determining an individual's legal status in a particular jurisdiction. This module examines the principles governing domicile and residence, addressing their impact on matters such as jurisdiction and succession.


5. Jurisdiction

Jurisdiction is a central concept in conflict of laws. This module explores the principles that govern a court's authority to hear a case, addressing issues related to personal jurisdiction, subject matter jurisdiction, and the recognition of foreign judgments.


6. Brussels Regime

The Brussels Regime is a set of rules governing jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters within the European Union. Students explore the principles and mechanisms outlined in the Brussels Regime, understanding its impact on cross-border legal disputes.


7. Stays and Restraint

Stays and restraint refer to legal mechanisms to pause or prevent legal proceedings in one jurisdiction when related proceedings are underway in another. This module explores the principles and considerations involved in stays and restraint orders, promoting efficiency and avoiding conflicting decisions.


8. Foreign Judgments

Recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments involve complex legal considerations. Students delve into the principles governing the acceptance and enforcement of judgments issued by foreign courts, addressing issues related to comity and public policy.


9. Contracts

This module focuses on conflicts of laws in contractual matters. Students explore how the choice of law, jurisdiction clauses, and other factors impact the resolution of disputes arising from international contracts.


10. Torts and Restitution

Conflicts of laws in tortious and restitutionary matters are examined in this module. Students explore the principles that guide the determination of applicable law and jurisdiction in cases involving harm, negligence, and unjust enrichment with international elements.


11. Property

Conflicts in property law involve issues such as ownership, transfer, and use of assets across borders. This module explores the legal principles that determine the applicable law and jurisdiction in property disputes with an international dimension.


12. Succession and Trusts

Succession and trusts involve intricate legal considerations when crossing borders. Students examine the conflict of laws principles that govern matters such as wills, trusts, and the distribution of assets in cases of international succession.


13. Marriage

Conflicts of laws in matters of marriage are explored in this module. Students investigate the legal principles that determine the validity, recognition, and dissolution of marriages with international aspects.


14. Matrimonial Causes

This module focuses on conflicts of laws in matrimonial causes, addressing issues related to divorce, spousal support, and child custody across jurisdictions. Students explore the legal principles that guide the resolution of disputes arising from international marriages.


By exploring topics such as contracts, torts, succession, and matrimonial causes in a cross-border context, students gain the knowledge and skills necessary to navigate the challenges of resolving legal disputes that transcend national boundaries. This course not only provides a solid foundation in conflict of laws principles but also encourages students to consider the ethical and practical implications of resolving international legal disputes.


Check out our exam-focused Conflict of Laws notes now.

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