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UOL English Legal System

English Legal System provides students with a comprehensive understanding of the legal foundations and structures that define the English legal system. This course aims to acquaint students with the historical evolution of the Common Law tradition, the constitutional principles underpinning the legal framework, and the intricate workings of the judicial system.

1. Common Law Tradition

This module delves into the historical roots and development of the Common Law tradition in England. Students explore the evolution of legal principles through judicial decisions and the impact of precedent on shaping the English legal system.

2. Constitutional Principles

Constitutional principles form the basis of the legal framework in England. Students examine the foundational principles, including the rule of law, separation of powers, and parliamentary sovereignty, understanding their role in governing the relationship between the state and individuals.

3. Principles of Justice

Principles of justice underpin the legal system. Students explore key concepts such as fairness, equality, and access to justice, understanding their application in both civil and criminal proceedings.

4. Sources of Law

The English legal system draws from various sources. This module examines the sources of law, including statutes, common law, and European Union law, exploring how these sources interact and influence legal decisions.

5. Legal Research

Legal research is a fundamental skill for legal professionals. Students explore the methodologies and resources used in legal research, including primary and secondary sources, case law databases, and legislative materials.

6. Case Notes

Case notes are concise summaries of legal decisions. This module teaches students how to create effective case notes, focusing on the essential details of a case and extracting key legal principles.

7. Case Report

Case reports provide detailed analyses of legal decisions. Students delve into the structure and content of case reports, understanding how they contribute to legal scholarship and precedent.

8. Judicial Reasoning

Judicial reasoning involves the thought processes behind legal decisions. This module explores the various methods of judicial reasoning, including deductive and inductive reasoning, and the role of legal principles in decision-making.

9. Courts of England and Wales

The English legal system features a hierarchical structure of courts. Students explore the different tiers, from magistrates' courts to the Supreme Court, understanding their jurisdictions and functions.

10. Doctrine of Precedent

The doctrine of precedent is a central aspect of the Common Law system. Students examine how precedent is created, applied, and distinguished, understanding its role in shaping legal outcomes.

11. Statutory Interpretation

Statutory interpretation involves understanding and applying legislative provisions. This module explores the principles and methods of statutory interpretation, including the literal, purposive, and mischief rules.

12. Judiciary

The judiciary plays a crucial role in interpreting and applying the law. Students explore the structure of the judiciary, the roles of judges, and the principles guiding judicial independence.

13. Judicial Appointment

This module examines the process of judicial appointment in England. Students explore the criteria, procedures, and considerations involved in appointing judges at different levels of the judicial hierarchy.

14. Legal Proceedings

Legal proceedings encompass the processes involved in civil and criminal cases. Students explore the key stages of legal proceedings, from initiation to resolution, understanding the roles of the parties involved.

15. Legal Professionals

Legal professionals contribute to the functioning of the legal system. This module explores the roles of solicitors, barristers, and legal executives, understanding their responsibilities and ethical obligations.

16. Civil Justice Process

The civil justice process resolves disputes between private parties. Students explore the procedures, rules, and principles governing civil litigation, from filing a claim to enforcement of judgments.

17. Criminal Justice Process

The criminal justice process addresses allegations of criminal offences. Students examine the stages of criminal proceedings, from investigation and arrest to trial, sentencing, and appeals.

By exploring topics such as the doctrine of precedent, statutory interpretation, and the roles of legal professionals, students will gain valuable insights into the sources of law and the processes governing both civil and criminal justice.

Check out our exam-focused English Legal System notes now.

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UOLLB Features

UOLLB First Class Law Notes

Diagrams and Charts

Our carefully designed diagrams and charts will guide you through complex legal issues.

Clear and Succinct Definitions

Key concepts are concisely defined to help you understand legal topics quickly.

Statutory Provisions

Statutory provisions are provided side by side with legal concepts to help you swiftly locate the relevant legislation.

Case Summaries

We have summarised important cases for you so that you don't need to read long and boring cases.

Rules and Exceptions

Rules and exceptions are clearly listed so that you know when a rule applies and when it doesn't.


Legal terms and key concepts are explained at the beginning of each chapter to help you learn efficiently.

Case Law

Case law is provided side by side with legal concepts so that you know how legal principles and precedents were established.

Law Essay Guide

You will learn essential law exam skills and essay writing techniques that are not taught in class.

Problem Question Guide

We will show you how to answer problem questions step by step to achieve first-class results.

Structured Explanations

Complex legal concepts are broken down into concise and digestible bullet point explanations.

Legal Research

You will learn legal research techniques with our study guide and become a proficient legal researcher.


All essential concepts, principles, and case law are included so that you can answer exam questions quickly.