Convention on Rights of Child

Convention on Rights of Child

The Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) is an international human rights treaty that was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 1989. It is a comprehensive document that sets out the civil, political, economic, social, and cultural rights of children. The CRC defines a child as any person under the age of 18, and it recognises that children are entitled to special care and protection.

Non-discrimination: The CRC guarantees that all children have the right to enjoy their rights without discrimination of any kind, including on the basis of race, colour, sex, language, religion, disability, or social origin.

Best interests of the child: The CRC emphasises that the best interests of the child should be a primary consideration in all actions concerning children, whether undertaken by public or private social welfare institutions, courts of law, administrative authorities, or legislative bodies.

Right to life, survival, and development: The CRC recognises the inherent right to life of every child and obliges states to ensure children's survival and development to the fullest extent possible.

Protection from violence, abuse, and exploitation: The CRC mandates that children have the right to be protected from all forms of physical or mental violence, abuse, neglect, maltreatment, and exploitation. It specifically addresses issues such as child labor, child trafficking, sexual exploitation, and harmful traditional practices.

Right to education: The CRC recognises the right of every child to education. It calls for primary education to be compulsory and accessible to all, and it encourages the development of secondary and higher education opportunities.

Health and healthcare: The CRC highlights the right of children to enjoy the highest attainable standard of health and healthcare services. It emphasises the importance of prenatal and postnatal healthcare, nutritious food, clean drinking water, and access to healthcare facilities.

Participation: The CRC emphasises the right of children to express their views and have their opinions taken into account in matters that affect them, in accordance with their age and maturity. It recognises children's freedom of expression, association, and peaceful assembly.

The CRC has been widely ratified and is considered one of the most universally accepted human rights treaties, with almost every country being a party to it. States that ratify the convention are obliged to align their domestic laws and policies with its provisions and report regularly to the United Nations on their progress in implementing the rights of children.

The CRC has had a significant impact in shaping national legislation, policies, and programs to safeguard and promote the rights of children. It has contributed to improvements in education, healthcare, child protection, and juvenile justice systems worldwide. However, challenges persist in ensuring the full realisation of children's rights, such as poverty, discrimination, armed conflict, and other forms of adversity that children face in different parts of the world. Ongoing efforts are necessary to promote and protect the rights and well-being of all children.
Back to blog
UOL Case Bank

UOL Case Bank

Upon joining, you become a valuable UOL student and gain instant access to over 2,100 case summaries. UOL Case Bank is constantly expanding. Speed up your revision with us now.

Subscribe Now

Where are our students from?

Yale University
Council of Europe
Baker Mckenzie 
University of Chicago
Columbia University
New York University
University of Michigan 
University College London (UCL)
London School of Economics (LSE)
King’s College London (KCL)
University of London
University of Manchester
University of Zurich
University of York
Brandeis University
University of Exeter
University of Sheffield
Boston University
University of Washington
University of Leeds
University of Law
Royal Holloway, University of London 
Birkbeck, University of London
SOAS, University of London
University of Kent
University of Hull
Queen’s University Belfast
Toronto Metropolitan University
Hong Kong University of Science and Technology
University of Buckingham

  • Criminal Practice

    Diagrams and Charts

    Our carefully designed diagrams and charts will guide you through complex legal issues.

  • Criminal Law

    Clear and Succinct Definitions

    Key concepts are concisely defined to help you understand legal topics quickly.

  • Property Law

    Statutory Provisions

    Statutory provisions are provided side by side with legal concepts to help you swiftly locate the relevant legislation.

  • Public Law

    Case Summaries

    We have summarised important cases for you so that you don't need to read long and boring cases.

  • Evidence

    Rules and Exceptions

    Rules and exceptions are clearly listed so that you know when a rule applies and when it doesn't.

  • Company Law


    Legal terms and key concepts are explained at the beginning of each chapter to help you learn efficiently.

  • Case Law

    Case law is provided side by side with legal concepts so that you know how legal principles and precedents were established.

  • Law Exam Guide

    Law Essay Guide

    You will learn essential law exam skills and essay writing techniques that are not taught in class.

  • Law Exam Guide

    Problem Question Guide

    We will show you how to answer problem questions step by step to achieve first-class results.

  • Conflict of Laws

    Structured Explanations

    Complex legal concepts are broken down into concise and digestible bullet point explanations.

  • Legal System and Method

    Legal Research

    You will learn legal research techniques with our study guide and become a proficient legal researcher.

  • Jurisprudence and Legal Theory


    All essential concepts, principles, and case law are included so that you can answer exam questions quickly.