Council of Europe vs Council of European Union

The Council of the European Union and the Council of Europe are two separate organisations with distinct roles and functions. Here are some of the key differences between them:

Membership: The Council of the European Union is composed of government ministers from the 27 EU member states, while the Council of Europe is an intergovernmental organisation with 47 member states, including all of the EU member states.

Function: The Council of the European Union is responsible for adopting EU laws, coordinating policies among the EU member states, and representing the EU in international affairs. In contrast, the Council of Europe is primarily focused on promoting human rights, democracy, and the rule of law in Europe, through initiatives such as the European Convention on Human Rights and the European Court of Human Rights.

Decision-making: In the Council of the European Union, decisions are made through a system of qualified majority voting or unanimity, depending on the issue. In the Council of Europe, decisions are made by consensus among member states.

Legal status: The Council of the European Union has legal personality and is one of the main institutions of the EU, with a role in shaping EU policies and legislation. The Council of Europe, on the other hand, is an intergovernmental organisation with no direct role in EU decision-making.

Areas of focus: While both organisations work on issues related to Europe, the Council of the European Union primarily deals with economic and political issues within the EU, while the Council of Europe focuses on promoting and protecting human rights, democracy, and the rule of law across the wider European region.

In summary, the Council of the European Union and the Council of Europe are two distinct organisations with different functions, memberships, decision-making processes, legal status, and areas of focus.
Back to blog

UOL Case Bank

Upon joining, you become a valuable UOL student and gain instant access to over 2,100 case summaries. UOL Case Bank is constantly expanding. Speed up your revision with us now.

Subscribe Now

Where are our students from?

Yale University
Council of Europe
Baker Mckenzie 
University of Chicago
Columbia University
New York University
University of Michigan 
INSEAD
University College London (UCL)
London School of Economics (LSE)
King’s College London (KCL)
University of London
University of Manchester
University of Zurich
University of York
Brandeis University
University of Exeter
University of Sheffield
Boston University
University of Washington
University of Leeds
University of Law
Royal Holloway, University of London 
Birkbeck, University of London
SOAS, University of London
University of Kent
University of Hull
Queen’s University Belfast
Toronto Metropolitan University
Hong Kong University of Science and Technology
University of Buckingham
ESSEC Business School

  • Criminal Practice

    Diagrams and Charts

    Our carefully designed diagrams and charts will guide you through complex legal issues.

  • Criminal Law

    Clear and Succinct Definitions

    Key concepts are concisely defined to help you understand legal topics quickly.

  • Property Law

    Statutory Provisions

    Statutory provisions are provided side by side with legal concepts to help you swiftly locate the relevant legislation.

  • Public Law

    Case Summaries

    We have summarised important cases for you so that you don't need to read long and boring cases.

  • Evidence

    Rules and Exceptions

    Rules and exceptions are clearly listed so that you know when a rule applies and when it doesn't.

  • Company Law

    Terminology

    Legal terms and key concepts are explained at the beginning of each chapter to help you learn efficiently.

  • Case Law

    Case law is provided side by side with legal concepts so that you know how legal principles and precedents were established.

  • Law Exam Guide

    Law Essay Guide

    You will learn essential law exam skills and essay writing techniques that are not taught in class.

  • Law Exam Guide

    Problem Question Guide

    We will show you how to answer problem questions step by step to achieve first-class results.

  • Conflict of Laws

    Structured Explanations

    Complex legal concepts are broken down into concise and digestible bullet point explanations.

  • Legal System and Method

    Legal Research

    You will learn legal research techniques with our study guide and become a proficient legal researcher.

  • Jurisprudence and Legal Theory

    Exam-focused

    All essential concepts, principles, and case law are included so that you can answer exam questions quickly.