Council of Europe vs European Union

The Council of Europe and the European Union are two separate organisations that have different purposes, although they share some similarities.

The Council of Europe is an intergovernmental organisation that was founded in 1949 with the aim of promoting human rights, democracy, and the rule of law across Europe. It has 47 member states, including both EU and non-EU countries. The Council of Europe is responsible for the European Court of Human Rights, which hears cases related to alleged human rights violations by member states. The Council of Europe also promotes cultural cooperation, educational exchanges, and the protection of minority languages and cultures.

The European Union is a political and economic union of 27 member states located primarily in Europe. It was established by the Treaty of Rome in 1957 as the European Economic Community and has since expanded to become a unique supranational organisation with its own institutions, such as the European Commission, the European Parliament, and the European Court of Justice. The EU is responsible for a range of policy areas, including trade, environmental regulation, consumer protection, and justice and home affairs. It has also established a common currency, the Euro, which is used by 19 member states.

While the Council of Europe and the European Union have different purposes, they do share some similarities. Both organisations promote democracy, human rights, and the rule of law. The EU is also a member of the Council of Europe, and the two organisations work together on issues such as promoting cultural diversity and protecting minority rights.

However, it is important to note that not all member states of the Council of Europe are members of the EU, and vice versa. Additionally, while the EU has significant political and economic power within its member states, the Council of Europe has a more advisory and consultative role.
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