Court of Appeal of England and Wales

Court of Appeal of England and Wales

The Court of Appeal of England and Wales is the second-highest court in the legal system of England and Wales, sitting above the High Court and below the Supreme Court. It is divided into two divisions: the Civil Division and the Criminal Division.

The Civil Division hears appeals from lower courts in civil cases, including those related to contract disputes, property law, and personal injury claims. The Criminal Division hears appeals from lower courts in criminal cases, including those related to serious crimes such as murder, rape, and fraud.

The Court of Appeal has the power to hear appeals against decisions made by judges sitting in the High Court, as well as certain types of tribunals. It can make several types of decisions, including upholding the original decision, reversing it, or ordering a retrial. Its decisions are binding on the lower courts, and it has the power to set legal precedents that lower courts must follow.

The Court of Appeal consists of experienced judges, including both High Court judges and specialist Court of Appeal judges, who are appointed by the King on the recommendation of an independent selection commission. They are typically distinguished lawyers or former judges who have demonstrated expertise in their respective fields.

The Court of Appeal of England and Wales plays a critical role in the country's legal system, ensuring that justice is served and the rule of law is upheld. Its decisions have a significant impact on individuals and businesses, and it is widely regarded as one of the most important and prestigious courts in the world.
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