Doctrine of Implied Repeal

Doctrine of Implied Repeal

Implied repeal in Constitutional Law refers to the principle that when two laws conflict, a later law that is inconsistent with or contradicts an earlier law will implicitly repeal or override the earlier law to the extent of the inconsistency. It is based on the idea that the intention of the legislature is presumed to be that the later law should prevail.

Implied repeal can occur in constitutional law when a new constitutional provision or amendment is enacted that contradicts or conflicts with an existing constitutional provision. In such cases, the later provision is considered to have impliedly repealed or modified the earlier provision to the extent of the inconsistency.

The doctrine of implied repeal is based on the principle of legal hierarchy, where the constitution holds the highest authority and any conflicting or inconsistent laws must yield to it. It allows for the evolution and adaptation of constitutional law as new provisions are added or amended.

However, the doctrine of implied repeal is not without controversy and limitations. Some argue that implied repeal undermines the stability and predictability of the law, as it allows for the alteration of constitutional provisions without explicit amendment procedures. Additionally, courts often approach the issue of implied repeal with caution, preferring to interpret conflicting provisions in a manner that preserves harmony and avoids outright repeal when possible.

In practice, determining whether implied repeal has occurred requires careful analysis of the language, intent, and effect of the conflicting provisions. Courts will consider the specific wording, context, and purpose of the constitutional provisions involved to ascertain whether the later provision has effectively repealed or modified the earlier provision.

Implied repeal in constitutional law provides a mechanism for resolving conflicts between constitutional provisions, ensuring that the most recent expression of the legislature's intent prevails in cases of inconsistency.
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