European Commission

European Commission

The European Commission is one of the seven institutions of the European Union (EU). It is the executive branch of the EU and is responsible for proposing new legislation, implementing the decisions of the EU, managing the EU budget, and representing the EU in international negotiations. The Commission is composed of one Commissioner from each of the 27 EU member states, who are appointed by their respective governments and serve a five-year term. The main functions of the European Commission include:

Legislative function: The Commission has the power to propose new legislation to the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union. It also has the power to amend or withdraw proposals that have already been made.

Implementing function: The Commission is responsible for implementing the decisions of the EU, including the adoption and enforcement of EU legislation, the management of EU programs and policies, and the negotiation of international agreements on behalf of the EU.

Supervisory function: The Commission has the power to monitor the implementation of EU legislation by the member states and to take legal action against member states that fail to comply with EU law. It also has the power to investigate anti-competitive behaviour and to enforce EU competition law.

Budgetary function: The Commission is responsible for managing the EU budget and ensuring that EU funds are spent in accordance with EU priorities and objectives.

The European Commission plays a crucial role in the EU decision-making process and is responsible for proposing and implementing the policies and legislation of the EU. The Commission is an important actor in shaping the EU's priorities and objectives, and its decisions have a significant impact on the lives of EU citizens.
Back to blog
UOL Case Bank

UOL Case Bank

Upon joining, you become a valuable UOL student and gain instant access to over 2,100 case summaries. UOL Case Bank is constantly expanding. Speed up your revision with us now.

Subscribe Now

Where are our students from?

Yale University
Council of Europe
Baker Mckenzie 
University of Chicago
Columbia University
New York University
University of Michigan 
INSEAD
University College London (UCL)
London School of Economics (LSE)
King’s College London (KCL)
University of London
University of Manchester
University of Zurich
University of York
Brandeis University
University of Exeter
University of Sheffield
Boston University
University of Washington
University of Leeds
University of Law
Royal Holloway, University of London 
Birkbeck, University of London
SOAS, University of London
University of Kent
University of Hull
Queen’s University Belfast
Toronto Metropolitan University
Hong Kong University of Science and Technology
University of Buckingham

  • Criminal Practice

    Diagrams and Charts

    Our carefully designed diagrams and charts will guide you through complex legal issues.

  • Criminal Law

    Clear and Succinct Definitions

    Key concepts are concisely defined to help you understand legal topics quickly.

  • Property Law

    Statutory Provisions

    Statutory provisions are provided side by side with legal concepts to help you swiftly locate the relevant legislation.

  • Public Law

    Case Summaries

    We have summarised important cases for you so that you don't need to read long and boring cases.

  • Evidence

    Rules and Exceptions

    Rules and exceptions are clearly listed so that you know when a rule applies and when it doesn't.

  • Company Law

    Terminology

    Legal terms and key concepts are explained at the beginning of each chapter to help you learn efficiently.

  • Case Law

    Case law is provided side by side with legal concepts so that you know how legal principles and precedents were established.

  • Law Exam Guide

    Law Essay Guide

    You will learn essential law exam skills and essay writing techniques that are not taught in class.

  • Law Exam Guide

    Problem Question Guide

    We will show you how to answer problem questions step by step to achieve first-class results.

  • Conflict of Laws

    Structured Explanations

    Complex legal concepts are broken down into concise and digestible bullet point explanations.

  • Legal System and Method

    Legal Research

    You will learn legal research techniques with our study guide and become a proficient legal researcher.

  • Jurisprudence and Legal Theory

    Exam-focused

    All essential concepts, principles, and case law are included so that you can answer exam questions quickly.