Grand Chamber of Court of Justice of European Union

The Court of Justice of the European Union stands as a pillar of justice, ensuring the harmonious application and interpretation of EU law across its member states. Within this esteemed institution, standing as a bastion of legal integrity and coherence within the EU, the Grand Chamber holds a position of particular importance and authority.

Role and Jurisdiction
At its core, the Grand Chamber serves as the apex of the Court of Justice, representing the highest judicial authority within the EU. Its primary function is to ensure uniformity and consistency in the interpretation of EU law. It achieves this by hearing cases of exceptional importance, complexity, or legal novelty, as well as appeals against judgments delivered by the Chambers of the Court.

The Grand Chamber possesses broad jurisdiction, adjudicating on matters spanning various legal domains, including competition law, fundamental rights, internal market regulations, and more. Its decisions carry significant weight, establishing precedents that influence not only EU legislation but also national legal systems within the member states.

Composition and Proceedings
Unlike the Chambers of the Court, which typically consist of three or five judges, the Grand Chamber comprises a larger panel of judges. Specifically, it consists of the Court's President, Vice-President, and the Presidents of the Chambers, along with a selection of judges chosen based on a rotating system. This diverse composition ensures a comprehensive representation of legal expertise and perspectives from across the EU.

Cases brought before the Grand Chamber are decided through rigorous deliberation and analysis. Parties involved present their arguments, supported by legal briefs and oral pleadings, before the judges. The proceedings adhere to strict procedural rules, aimed at upholding the principles of fairness, transparency, and due process.

Significance and Impact
The decisions rendered by the Grand Chamber resonate far beyond the confines of individual cases, exerting a profound influence on the legal landscape of the EU and its member states. As the highest judicial authority, its rulings serve to clarify ambiguities in EU law, resolve conflicts between legal principles, and reinforce the foundational values of the European project.

Moreover, the Grand Chamber plays a crucial role in safeguarding the rule of law and upholding fundamental rights within the EU. By adjudicating on matters of constitutional significance and ensuring the consistent application of EU law, it reinforces the legal certainty and predictability essential for fostering trust and cooperation among member states.

Through its authoritative rulings and unwavering commitment to upholding the rule of law, it shapes the evolution of European jurisprudence and contributes to the consolidation of a unified legal order. As the EU continues to navigate the complexities of a dynamic and interconnected world, the Grand Chamber remains steadfast in its mission to uphold justice and promote the common values that underpin the European project.
Back to blog
UOL Case Bank

UOL Case Bank

Upon joining, you become a valuable UOL student and gain instant access to over 2,100 case summaries. UOL Case Bank is constantly expanding. Speed up your revision with us now.

Subscribe Now

Where are our students from?

Yale University
Council of Europe
Baker Mckenzie 
University of Chicago
Columbia University
New York University
University of Michigan 
INSEAD
University College London (UCL)
London School of Economics (LSE)
King’s College London (KCL)
University of London
University of Manchester
University of Zurich
University of York
Brandeis University
University of Exeter
University of Sheffield
Boston University
University of Washington
University of Leeds
University of Law
Royal Holloway, University of London 
Birkbeck, University of London
SOAS, University of London
University of Kent
University of Hull
Queen’s University Belfast
Toronto Metropolitan University
Hong Kong University of Science and Technology
University of Buckingham

  • Criminal Practice

    Diagrams and Charts

    Our carefully designed diagrams and charts will guide you through complex legal issues.

  • Criminal Law

    Clear and Succinct Definitions

    Key concepts are concisely defined to help you understand legal topics quickly.

  • Property Law

    Statutory Provisions

    Statutory provisions are provided side by side with legal concepts to help you swiftly locate the relevant legislation.

  • Public Law

    Case Summaries

    We have summarised important cases for you so that you don't need to read long and boring cases.

  • Evidence

    Rules and Exceptions

    Rules and exceptions are clearly listed so that you know when a rule applies and when it doesn't.

  • Company Law

    Terminology

    Legal terms and key concepts are explained at the beginning of each chapter to help you learn efficiently.

  • Case Law

    Case law is provided side by side with legal concepts so that you know how legal principles and precedents were established.

  • Law Exam Guide

    Law Essay Guide

    You will learn essential law exam skills and essay writing techniques that are not taught in class.

  • Law Exam Guide

    Problem Question Guide

    We will show you how to answer problem questions step by step to achieve first-class results.

  • Conflict of Laws

    Structured Explanations

    Complex legal concepts are broken down into concise and digestible bullet point explanations.

  • Legal System and Method

    Legal Research

    You will learn legal research techniques with our study guide and become a proficient legal researcher.

  • Jurisprudence and Legal Theory

    Exam-focused

    All essential concepts, principles, and case law are included so that you can answer exam questions quickly.