History of European Union

The history of the European Union (EU) dates back to the aftermath of World War II, when European leaders sought to prevent future wars and promote economic recovery and integration. Here are some key milestones in the history of the EU:

1951: The European Coal and Steel Community was created by the Treaty of Paris. This agreement established a common market for coal and steel, which were essential resources for rebuilding Europe after the war.

1957: The Treaty of Rome created the European Economic Community (EEC), which aims to establish a customs union and common market among its member states. The EEC's six founding members were Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands.

1973: Denmark, Ireland, and the United Kingdom joined the EEC.

1986: The Single European Act was signed, which establishes the European Union and aims to create a single market for goods, services, capital, and people.

1992: The Maastricht Treaty was signed, which creates the European Union as a political and economic union. It also establishes the euro as a common currency and introduces policies in areas such as foreign policy, justice, and home affairs.

2004: The EU expanded to 25 members with the addition of 10 new countries from central and eastern Europe.

2007: The Treaty of Lisbon was signed, which aims to reform the EU's institutions and decision-making processes. It also strengthens the EU's role in areas such as climate change and energy policy.

2012: The European Stability Mechanism is established to provide financial assistance to eurozone countries in financial crisis.

2016: The United Kingdom voted to leave the EU in a referendum known as Brexit.

2020: At 11pm on 31 January 2020, the United Kingdom left the EU and entered a transition period. At 11pm on 31 December 2020, the transition period ended and the United Kingdom officially left the EU single market and customs union.

As of April 2023, the EU is composed of 27 member states and has become a unique supranational organization with its own institutions and policies. It remains committed to promoting peace, stability, and prosperity in Europe and around the world.
Back to blog

UOL Case Bank

Upon joining, you become a valuable UOL student and gain instant access to over 2,100 case summaries. UOL Case Bank is constantly expanding. Speed up your revision with us now.

Subscribe Now

Where are our students from?

Yale University
Council of Europe
Baker Mckenzie 
University of Chicago
Columbia University
New York University
University of Michigan 
INSEAD
University College London (UCL)
London School of Economics (LSE)
King’s College London (KCL)
University of London
University of Manchester
University of Zurich
University of York
Brandeis University
University of Exeter
University of Sheffield
Boston University
University of Washington
University of Leeds
University of Law
Royal Holloway, University of London 
Birkbeck, University of London
SOAS, University of London
University of Kent
University of Hull
Queen’s University Belfast
Toronto Metropolitan University
Hong Kong University of Science and Technology
University of Buckingham

  • Criminal Practice

    Diagrams and Charts

    Our carefully designed diagrams and charts will guide you through complex legal issues.

  • Criminal Law

    Clear and Succinct Definitions

    Key concepts are concisely defined to help you understand legal topics quickly.

  • Property Law

    Statutory Provisions

    Statutory provisions are provided side by side with legal concepts to help you swiftly locate the relevant legislation.

  • Public Law

    Case Summaries

    We have summarised important cases for you so that you don't need to read long and boring cases.

  • Evidence

    Rules and Exceptions

    Rules and exceptions are clearly listed so that you know when a rule applies and when it doesn't.

  • Company Law

    Terminology

    Legal terms and key concepts are explained at the beginning of each chapter to help you learn efficiently.

  • Case Law

    Case law is provided side by side with legal concepts so that you know how legal principles and precedents were established.

  • Law Exam Guide

    Law Essay Guide

    You will learn essential law exam skills and essay writing techniques that are not taught in class.

  • Law Exam Guide

    Problem Question Guide

    We will show you how to answer problem questions step by step to achieve first-class results.

  • Conflict of Laws

    Structured Explanations

    Complex legal concepts are broken down into concise and digestible bullet point explanations.

  • Legal System and Method

    Legal Research

    You will learn legal research techniques with our study guide and become a proficient legal researcher.

  • Jurisprudence and Legal Theory

    Exam-focused

    All essential concepts, principles, and case law are included so that you can answer exam questions quickly.