House of Commons vs House of Lords

House of Commons vs House of Lords

The House of Commons and the House of Lords are both important legislative institutions in the UK Parliament, but they have distinct roles and functions.

The House of Commons is made up of 650 elected Members of Parliament (MPs) who represent constituencies across the UK. It is responsible for making and passing laws, electing the Prime Minister, and holding the government to account. The House of Commons is the more powerful of the two chambers, as it has the final say on most legislative matters.

The House of Lords, on the other hand, is composed of appointed members, most of whom are selected on the advice of the Prime Minister. It has a role in scrutinising and amending legislation passed by the House of Commons, and can also initiate debates and ask government ministers questions. However, it does not have the same level of power as the House of Commons, and its role is primarily advisory.

One of the key differences between the two chambers is their composition. The House of Commons is composed of elected representatives, while the House of Lords is composed of appointed members. This means that the House of Commons is seen as more representative of the people, while the House of Lords is often criticised for being undemocratic.

Another difference is the level of power and influence each chamber has. While both chambers have a role in the law-making process, the House of Commons has the final say on most matters. The House of Lords can scrutinise and amend legislation, but its powers are limited and it cannot ultimately veto or block a bill.

In summary, the Houses of Commons and the House of Lords have distinct roles and functions within the UK Parliament. While the House of Commons is more powerful and representative, the House of Lords provides an important check on government power and ensures that legislation is properly scrutinised and debated.
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