LLB Modules

LLB stands for Legum Baccalaureus in Latin or Bachelor of Laws in English. It is an undergraduate law degree that typically requires two to four years to complete. The LLB modules you will study vary depending on the specific university and programme, but here are some common modules offered by UK universities.

(BAR) This module is required for admission to bar training.
(SQE) This module is assessed in the SQE.
(GDL) You study this module in the GDL or PGDL
(CILEX) You can study this module for the CILEX qualification.

Contract Law (BAR) (SQE) (GDL) (CILEX)
This module deals with agreements between parties that create legal obligations. It governs the formation, interpretation, and enforcement of contracts, which are legally binding agreements. This module covers topics such as offer and acceptance, consideration, intention to create legal relations, terms of a contract, breach of contract, remedies for breach, and the termination of contracts.

Tort Law (BAR) (SQE) (GDL) (CILEX)
This module deals with civil wrongs or harms caused by one party to another, which result in legal liability. It covers a wide range of actions such as negligence, defamation, nuisance, trespass, and intentional torts. This module explores the principles of tort liability, including duty of care, standard of care, causation, remoteness, defences, and remedies available to the injured party.

Public Law (BAR) (SQE) (GDL) (CILEX)
This module focuses on the relationship between individuals and the state or government entities. It encompasses constitutional law, administrative law, and criminal law. This module examines the legal framework for exercising public power, the powers and limitations of governmental bodies, the protection of individual rights, and the legal processes involved in public decision-making.

Property Law (BAR) (SQE) (GDL) (CILEX)
This module deals with the rights and interests in land and other forms of property. It covers topics such as ownership, possession, transfer, and use of property. This module explores the principles governing property rights, including legal estates, equitable interests, leases, mortgages, easements, and the resolution of property disputes.

Criminal Law (BAR) (SQE) (GDL) (CILEX)
This module focuses on offences against the state or society. It defines and regulates conduct that is considered harmful, threatening, or detrimental to public order and safety. This module examines the elements of criminal offences, the principles of criminal liability, defences, and the criminal justice system, including the procedures for investigating, prosecuting, and punishing offenders.

Commercial Law (CILEX)
This module deals with legal matters related to business and commerce. It covers areas such as contracts, sales of goods, commercial transactions, company law, and consumer protection. This module explores the legal framework for conducting commercial activities, including the formation and enforcement of commercial contracts, the regulation of business entities, and the rights and responsibilities of parties engaged in commercial transactions.

This module refers to the legal system of the European Union and its member states. It governs the relationships between the EU institutions, member states, and individuals within the EU. This module explores the legal principles and institutions of the EU, including the sources of EU law, the powers of EU institutions, the protection of fundamental rights, and the impact of EU law on national legal systems.

Company Law (SQE) (GDL) (CILEX)
This module focuses on the legal regulation of companies and other corporate entities. It covers topics such as the formation, management, and dissolution of companies, corporate governance, shareholder rights, and the duties and liabilities of directors. This module examines the legal framework for organising and operating companies, including the rights and responsibilities of company members and the regulation of corporate activities.

Legal System and Method (SQE) (GDL) (CILEX)
This module provides an introduction to the legal system and the methods used in legal analysis and reasoning. It explores the sources of law, the hierarchy of legal authority, the role of courts and judges, legal reasoning, and legal research skills. This module aims to develop students' understanding of the foundations and structure of the legal system.

Evidence (SQE)
This module focuses on the rules and principles governing the admissibility, presentation, and evaluation of evidence in legal proceedings. It covers topics such as burden of proof, types of evidence, examination of witnesses, hearsay, expert testimony, and the rules of evidence in civil and criminal cases. This module aims to develop students' understanding of the role and value of evidence in the resolution of legal disputes.

Equity and Trusts (BAR) (SQE) (GDL) (CILEX)
This module deal with legal principles and doctrines that govern the administration and protection of property and assets held on behalf of others. This module explores the concept of equity, which is a body of principles that supplements and complements the common law. It also covers the law relating to trusts, which are legal arrangements where one party holds and manages assets for the benefit of another. Topics covered may include the creation and types of trusts, trustee duties and liabilities, beneficiary rights, and the remedies available in equity.

Administrative Law
This module deals with the legal framework governing the actions and decisions of administrative agencies and government bodies. It encompasses the principles of fairness, accountability, and the legality of administrative actions. This module explores topics such as the powers and functions of administrative bodies, procedural fairness, judicial review of administrative decisions, and the remedies available to aggrieved parties.

Family Law (CILEX)
This module focuses on legal issues arising from familial relationships, including marriage, divorce, child custody, adoption, and domestic violence. This module explores the legal rights and obligations of family members, the processes involved in resolving family disputes, and the protection of vulnerable individuals within the family context.

Jurisprudence and Legal Theory
This module involves the study and analysis of the philosophical, theoretical, and conceptual aspects of law. This module explores different schools of thought and theories of law, such as natural law, positivism, legal realism, and critical legal studies. It also examines fundamental legal concepts, including justice, rights, morality, and the relationship between law and society.

English Legal System (SQE) (GDL) (CILEX)
This module provides an overview of the structure and operation of the legal system in England and Wales. It covers the courts and their jurisdictions, the role of judges and other legal professionals, the sources of law, and the procedures involved in civil and criminal litigation. This module aims to familiarise students with the fundamental aspects of the English legal system.

Wills and Administration of Estates (SQE)
This module focuses on the law relating to wills, succession, and the administration of estates. It covers the formalities and requirements for creating a valid will, the distribution of assets upon death, intestacy (when someone dies without a will), probate procedures, and the rights and obligations of executors and beneficiaries.

Employment Law (CILEX)
Employment Law examines the legal relationship between employers and employees, encompassing rights, obligations, and regulations within the workplace. This module covers topics such as employment contracts, workplace discrimination, health and safety, and termination of employment. Students will explore how employment laws protect workers' rights and ensure fair treatment in various employment contexts.

Solicitors Accounts and Ethics (SQE)
This module deals with the ethical and professional responsibilities of solicitors, who are legal professionals providing legal advice and representation to clients. It covers professional conduct rules, client confidentiality, conflicts of interest, handling client money, and the regulatory framework for solicitors' practice.

Conflict of Laws
Also known as private international law, this module deals with legal issues that arise in cases involving multiple jurisdictions or legal systems. It covers principles for determining which jurisdiction's laws apply, recognising and enforcing foreign judgments, and resolving conflicts between different legal systems.

International Commercial Law
This module focuses on the legal aspects of cross-border business transactions. It covers topics such as international sale of goods, international contracts, international arbitration, and the regulation of international trade. This module explores the legal framework for conducting business across national boundaries and the resolution of international commercial disputes.

Civil and Criminal Procedure (SQE) (CILEX)
This module modules examine the rules and processes involved in civil and criminal litigation. Civil procedure covers the steps and procedures for initiating and conducting civil lawsuits, including pleadings, discovery, trial, and appeals. Criminal procedure focuses on the stages of criminal prosecution, from investigation and arrest to trial, sentencing, and appeals.

Constitutional Law (BAR) (SQE) (GDL) (CILEX)
This module focuses on the study of constitutional principles, the protection of fundamental rights, the structure, powers and limitations of government institutions. It also examines the legal framework for governance, the division of powers between branches of government, and the judicial review of decisions or actions made by a public body.

Land Law (BAR) (SQE) (GDL) (CILEX)
This module deals with the legal rights and interests in real property, including land and any structures or resources attached to it. This module covers topics such as land ownership, estates and interests in land, the transfer of property, mortgages, easements, and the resolution of land disputes.

Trusts Law (BAR) (SQE) (GDL) (CILEX)
This module focuses specifically on the principles and rules governing trusts, which are legal arrangements where one party (the trustee) holds and manages assets for the benefit of another (the beneficiary). This module explores the creation and types of trusts, the roles and responsibilities of trustees and beneficiaries, trust administration, and the rights and remedies available to trust parties.

Business Law (SQE) (GDL) (CILEX)
This module, also called Company Law or Corporate Law, focuses specifically on the legal framework and regulations governing the formation, operation, management, and dissolution of companies. It encompasses various legal principles and rules that apply to companies, their shareholders, directors, and other stakeholders. It provides an understanding of the legal framework within which businesses operate and addresses regulatory legal issues commonly encountered in business management.

Criminal Practice (SQE) (CILEX)
This module focuses on the practical aspects of criminal law and procedure. They provide students with an understanding of how criminal cases are handled in practice, including aspects such as client representation, plea bargaining, case preparation, courtroom advocacy, sentencing, and appeals.

Dispute Resolution (SQE) (CILEX)
This module examines various methods of resolving legal disputes outside of traditional court litigation. It covers alternative dispute resolution (ADR) processes such as negotiation, mediation, and arbitration. This module explores the advantages and disadvantages of different dispute resolution methods and develops students' skills in resolving conflicts effectively.

Public International Law
This module delves into the legal frameworks that govern the relationships between sovereign states and other entities recognised as international actors. It covers a broad spectrum of issues, including the laws of war and peace, diplomatic relations, international treaties, and the principles governing the global commons.

Intellectual Property
This modules focuses on the legal protections and rights granted to creators and owners of works of the mind, such as inventions, literary and artistic works, designs, and symbols, names, and images used in commerce. It examines the balance between innovation and the public interest, covering key areas such as patents, copyrights, trademarks, and trade secrets.

International Protection of Human Rights
This module addresses the international legal mechanisms and frameworks designed to protect human rights globally. It explores the evolution of human rights law, the role of international and regional human rights institutions, and the challenges of enforcing human rights standards worldwide. Through case studies and analysis of treaties and conventions, students will gain insights into the rights of individuals and groups, state responsibilities, and the impact of global issues on human rights protection.

Introduction to Land Law
This module provides a foundational understanding of the principles and concepts of land law. It covers the basics of land ownership, estates and interests in land, the transfer of property, and the key legal rules and doctrines governing land transactions.

Law of Wills and Succession (CILEX)
This module focuses on the legal aspects of estate planning, inheritance, and the administration of estates upon death. They cover topics such as the creation and revocation of wills, intestacy rules, estate taxation, probate procedures, and the distribution of assets to beneficiaries.

The Law of Business Organisations
This module explores the legal framework governing different types of organisations, such as partnerships, corporations, and nonprofit entities. It covers topics such as the formation and registration of organisations, their management and governance, the rights and duties of members or shareholders, and the regulation of organisational activities.

Agency Law
This module deals with the legal relationship between a principal and an agent, where the agent acts on behalf of the principal and with the principal's authority. This module examines the formation of agency relationships, the rights and obligations of principals and agents, the scope of an agent's authority, and the termination of agency relationships. It also explores the legal implications of agency relationships in various contexts, such as employment and commercial transactions.

International Human Rights Law
International Human Rights Law focuses on the global framework for protecting and promoting human rights, as established by treaties, conventions, and customary international law. This module addresses key human rights issues, mechanisms for enforcement, and the roles of international organisations such as the United Nations. Students will analyse case studies and legal instruments to understand how human rights are upheld and challenged worldwide.

Private International Law
Private International Law, also known as conflict of laws, deals with legal disputes involving foreign elements, such as cross-border contracts, torts, and family law matters. This module explores the principles and rules that determine which jurisdiction's laws apply and how judgments are recognised and enforced internationally. Students will gain insights into the complexities of legal interactions across different legal systems and the methods for resolving international private law disputes.

Labour Law
Labour Law focuses on the legal regulations governing collective employment relationships, including trade unions, collective bargaining, and industrial action. This module examines the rights and responsibilities of workers, employers, and unions, as well as the legal frameworks that support collective labor rights. Students will study how labour laws aim to balance the interests of employers and employees while promoting fair and equitable working conditions.

An LLB degree equips you with a strong foundation in law and provides opportunities for a range of legal career paths, including legal practice, corporate law, government, advocacy, academia, legal consultancy, and more.
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