Principles of Justice

There are several principles of justice that are important in ensuring a fair and equitable legal system. Some of the key principles of justice are explained below.

Equality: One of the core principles of justice is equality. This principle requires that every individual is treated equally under the law, regardless of their background, race, gender, or social status. This means that the law should be applied in a consistent manner, without any discrimination or bias.

Fairness: Fairness is another important principle of justice. It requires that the legal system is fair to all parties involved, including the accused, the victims, and any witnesses. This means that every individual should have access to legal representation and a fair trial, and that the evidence presented in court should be impartial and based on facts.

Access to justice: Access to justice is also a key principle of justice. It involves ensuring that every individual has access to the legal system, regardless of their financial situation. This means that legal aid should be available to those who cannot afford it, and that the legal system should be accessible to all, regardless of their location or social status.

Procedural justice: Procedural justice is a principle that focuses on the fairness of legal procedures. It requires that legal procedures are conducted in a fair and impartial manner, and that they are transparent and predictable. This means that everyone should be aware of the legal procedures and rules, and that these procedures should be applied consistently.

Restorative justice: Restorative justice is a principle that focuses on repairing the harm caused by a crime. It involves bringing together the victim, the offender, and the community in order to find a solution that addresses the harm caused by the crime. This principle is based on the idea that justice should not only punish the offender but also seek to repair the harm done to the victim and the community.

Punitive justice: Punitive justice is a principle that focuses on punishing the offender for their actions. This principle is based on the idea that offenders must be held accountable for their actions, and that punishment serves as a deterrent to others who may consider committing similar crimes.

In conclusion, the principles of justice are essential in ensuring a fair and equitable legal system. These principles require that every individual is treated equally under the law, that legal procedures are conducted in a fair and transparent manner, and that justice is not only punitive but also restorative. By upholding these principles, we can ensure that justice is served, and that our society is one that is fair and just for all.
Back to blog
UOL Case Bank

UOL Case Bank

Upon joining, you become a valuable UOL student and gain instant access to over 2,100 case summaries. UOL Case Bank is constantly expanding. Speed up your revision with us now.

Subscribe Now

Where are our students from?

Yale University
Council of Europe
Baker Mckenzie 
University of Chicago
Columbia University
New York University
University of Michigan 
University College London (UCL)
London School of Economics (LSE)
King’s College London (KCL)
University of London
University of Manchester
University of Zurich
University of York
Brandeis University
University of Exeter
University of Sheffield
Boston University
University of Washington
University of Leeds
University of Law
Royal Holloway, University of London 
Birkbeck, University of London
SOAS, University of London
University of Kent
University of Hull
Queen’s University Belfast
Toronto Metropolitan University
Hong Kong University of Science and Technology
University of Buckingham

  • Criminal Practice

    Diagrams and Charts

    Our carefully designed diagrams and charts will guide you through complex legal issues.

  • Criminal Law

    Clear and Succinct Definitions

    Key concepts are concisely defined to help you understand legal topics quickly.

  • Property Law

    Statutory Provisions

    Statutory provisions are provided side by side with legal concepts to help you swiftly locate the relevant legislation.

  • Public Law

    Case Summaries

    We have summarised important cases for you so that you don't need to read long and boring cases.

  • Evidence

    Rules and Exceptions

    Rules and exceptions are clearly listed so that you know when a rule applies and when it doesn't.

  • Company Law


    Legal terms and key concepts are explained at the beginning of each chapter to help you learn efficiently.

  • Case Law

    Case law is provided side by side with legal concepts so that you know how legal principles and precedents were established.

  • Law Exam Guide

    Law Essay Guide

    You will learn essential law exam skills and essay writing techniques that are not taught in class.

  • Law Exam Guide

    Problem Question Guide

    We will show you how to answer problem questions step by step to achieve first-class results.

  • Conflict of Laws

    Structured Explanations

    Complex legal concepts are broken down into concise and digestible bullet point explanations.

  • Legal System and Method

    Legal Research

    You will learn legal research techniques with our study guide and become a proficient legal researcher.

  • Jurisprudence and Legal Theory


    All essential concepts, principles, and case law are included so that you can answer exam questions quickly.