Strict Liability Torts

Strict liability torts are legal claims that hold a party liable for harm or injury caused by their actions or products, regardless of whether they were negligent or intended to cause harm.

In a strict liability case, the plaintiff (the injured party) must prove that the defendant engaged in an activity that is inherently dangerous or involves a risk of harm to others, and that the plaintiff was harmed or injured as a result of the defendant's activity or product.

Strict liability torts often arise in cases involving dangerous or defective products, such as drugs, medical devices, and consumer products. They can also apply in cases involving dangerous activities, such as blasting or using explosives. Here are a few specific examples of strict liability torts:

  1. Product liability: A manufacturer of a power tool has a duty to design and manufacture a product that is reasonably safe for its intended use. If a defect in the product causes harm to a consumer, the manufacturer may be held strictly liable for the harm, regardless of whether they were negligent.
  2. Ultrahazardous activities: A company that uses explosives to demolish a building has a duty to take appropriate precautions to prevent harm to nearby buildings or people. If the explosion causes harm to a nearby building or person, the company may be held strictly liable for the harm, even if they took all reasonable precautions.
  3. Dangerous animals: A person who keeps an exotic animal, such as a lion, has a duty to prevent harm to others that may result from the animal's behaviour. If the animal attacks and injures someone, the owner may be held strictly liable for the harm, even if they took precautions to prevent the attack.
  4. Defective pharmaceuticals: A drug company has a duty to ensure that its products are safe for use and to warn consumers of any known risks or side effects. If a defect in the drug causes harm to a consumer, the drug company may be held strictly liable for the harm, regardless of whether they were negligent.

The plaintiff does not have to prove that the defendant was negligent or intended to cause harm. Instead, liability is imposed on the defendant simply because they engaged in the activity or produced the product that caused the harm.
    Back to blog
    UOL Case Bank

    UOL Case Bank

    Upon joining, you become a valuable UOL student and gain instant access to over 2,100 case summaries. UOL Case Bank is constantly expanding. Speed up your revision with us now.

    Subscribe Now

    Where are our students from?

    Yale University
    Council of Europe
    Baker Mckenzie 
    University of Chicago
    Columbia University
    New York University
    University of Michigan 
    INSEAD
    University College London (UCL)
    London School of Economics (LSE)
    King’s College London (KCL)
    University of London
    University of Manchester
    University of Zurich
    University of York
    Brandeis University
    University of Exeter
    University of Sheffield
    Boston University
    University of Washington
    University of Leeds
    University of Law
    Royal Holloway, University of London 
    Birkbeck, University of London
    SOAS, University of London
    University of Kent
    University of Hull
    Queen’s University Belfast
    Toronto Metropolitan University
    Hong Kong University of Science and Technology
    University of Buckingham

    • Criminal Practice

      Diagrams and Charts

      Our carefully designed diagrams and charts will guide you through complex legal issues.

    • Criminal Law

      Clear and Succinct Definitions

      Key concepts are concisely defined to help you understand legal topics quickly.

    • Property Law

      Statutory Provisions

      Statutory provisions are provided side by side with legal concepts to help you swiftly locate the relevant legislation.

    • Public Law

      Case Summaries

      We have summarised important cases for you so that you don't need to read long and boring cases.

    • Evidence

      Rules and Exceptions

      Rules and exceptions are clearly listed so that you know when a rule applies and when it doesn't.

    • Company Law

      Terminology

      Legal terms and key concepts are explained at the beginning of each chapter to help you learn efficiently.

    • Case Law

      Case law is provided side by side with legal concepts so that you know how legal principles and precedents were established.

    • Law Exam Guide

      Law Essay Guide

      You will learn essential law exam skills and essay writing techniques that are not taught in class.

    • Law Exam Guide

      Problem Question Guide

      We will show you how to answer problem questions step by step to achieve first-class results.

    • Conflict of Laws

      Structured Explanations

      Complex legal concepts are broken down into concise and digestible bullet point explanations.

    • Legal System and Method

      Legal Research

      You will learn legal research techniques with our study guide and become a proficient legal researcher.

    • Jurisprudence and Legal Theory

      Exam-focused

      All essential concepts, principles, and case law are included so that you can answer exam questions quickly.