Structure and Role of Tribunals

Structure and Role of Tribunals

In England and Wales, tribunals are specialist bodies that have the power to hear and resolve disputes in a specific area of law. They provide an alternative to the civil court system and are often quicker, cheaper, and more informal than traditional courts. There are many different types of tribunals, including those that deal with employment, immigration, social security, tax, and land disputes.

The tribunal system in England and Wales is hierarchical, with the First-tier Tribunal being the first level of appeal and the Upper Tribunal being the second level of appeal. The First-tier Tribunal is divided into various chambers, with each chamber having jurisdiction over a particular area of law. For example, there are Employment Tribunal Chamber, Tax Chamber, and Social Entitlement Chamber.

The role of tribunals is to resolve disputes between individuals or organisations and government bodies or public authorities. For example, an Employment Tribunal may hear cases where an employee is claiming unfair dismissal or discrimination against their employer, while a Social Security Tribunal may hear cases where an individual is appealing a decision by the Department for Work and Pensions to refuse or reduce their benefit payments.

The key advantages of tribunals are that they are specialised, flexible, and accessible. They are designed to be more informal and user-friendly than traditional courts, and they often use more informal procedures, such as oral hearings or written submissions. This can make the process quicker and cheaper for those involved. In addition, tribunals often have specialist knowledge and expertise in a particular area of law, which can lead to better decision-making and outcomes for the parties involved.

The tribunal system plays an important role in the justice system in England and Wales. They offer an alternative to the civil court system and provide a more accessible, specialised, and user-friendly means of resolving disputes.
Back to blog
UOL Case Bank

UOL Case Bank

Upon joining, you become a valuable UOL student and gain instant access to over 2,100 case summaries. UOL Case Bank is constantly expanding. Speed up your revision with us now.

Subscribe Now

Where are our students from?

Yale University
Council of Europe
Baker Mckenzie 
University of Chicago
Columbia University
New York University
University of Michigan 
University College London (UCL)
London School of Economics (LSE)
King’s College London (KCL)
University of London
University of Manchester
University of Zurich
University of York
Brandeis University
University of Exeter
University of Sheffield
Boston University
University of Washington
University of Leeds
University of Law
Royal Holloway, University of London 
Birkbeck, University of London
SOAS, University of London
University of Kent
University of Hull
Queen’s University Belfast
Toronto Metropolitan University
Hong Kong University of Science and Technology
University of Buckingham

  • Criminal Practice

    Diagrams and Charts

    Our carefully designed diagrams and charts will guide you through complex legal issues.

  • Criminal Law

    Clear and Succinct Definitions

    Key concepts are concisely defined to help you understand legal topics quickly.

  • Property Law

    Statutory Provisions

    Statutory provisions are provided side by side with legal concepts to help you swiftly locate the relevant legislation.

  • Public Law

    Case Summaries

    We have summarised important cases for you so that you don't need to read long and boring cases.

  • Evidence

    Rules and Exceptions

    Rules and exceptions are clearly listed so that you know when a rule applies and when it doesn't.

  • Company Law


    Legal terms and key concepts are explained at the beginning of each chapter to help you learn efficiently.

  • Case Law

    Case law is provided side by side with legal concepts so that you know how legal principles and precedents were established.

  • Law Exam Guide

    Law Essay Guide

    You will learn essential law exam skills and essay writing techniques that are not taught in class.

  • Law Exam Guide

    Problem Question Guide

    We will show you how to answer problem questions step by step to achieve first-class results.

  • Conflict of Laws

    Structured Explanations

    Complex legal concepts are broken down into concise and digestible bullet point explanations.

  • Legal System and Method

    Legal Research

    You will learn legal research techniques with our study guide and become a proficient legal researcher.

  • Jurisprudence and Legal Theory


    All essential concepts, principles, and case law are included so that you can answer exam questions quickly.