Unjust Enrichment

Unjust enrichment is a legal principle that applies when one person benefits at the expense of another without legal justification or authorisation. In other words, it is a situation where someone gains something they should not have received, while the person who lost it did not receive compensation or consideration in return.

Unjust enrichment can occur in a variety of contexts, including contracts, torts, and even everyday transactions. For example, if someone mistakenly pays their neighbour's utility bill, the neighbour may be unjustly enriched by receiving a benefit they did not pay for.

To remedy unjust enrichment, the law provides for a restitutionary remedy, as explained in the previous question. The aim is to restore the injured party to the position they were in before the unjust enrichment occurred, by requiring the party who received the benefit to return it or compensate the injured party for its value.

In many cases, unjust enrichment can arise when there is no clear agreement or contract between the parties. However, even in cases where there is a contract, unjust enrichment may still occur if one party receives a benefit that was not agreed upon or outside the scope of the contract.

In conclusion, the concept of unjust enrichment is important in ensuring fairness and preventing individuals from benefiting from others' misfortune or mistake without legal justification.
Back to blog

UOL Case Bank

Upon joining, you become a valuable UOL student and gain instant access to over 2,100 case summaries. UOL Case Bank is constantly expanding. Speed up your revision with us now.

Subscribe Now

Where are our students from?

Yale University
Council of Europe
Baker Mckenzie 
University of Chicago
Columbia University
New York University
University of Michigan 
INSEAD
University College London (UCL)
London School of Economics (LSE)
King’s College London (KCL)
University of London
University of Manchester
University of Zurich
University of York
Brandeis University
University of Exeter
University of Sheffield
Boston University
University of Washington
University of Leeds
University of Law
Royal Holloway, University of London 
Birkbeck, University of London
SOAS, University of London
University of Kent
University of Hull
Queen’s University Belfast
Toronto Metropolitan University
Hong Kong University of Science and Technology
University of Buckingham

  • Criminal Practice

    Diagrams and Charts

    Our carefully designed diagrams and charts will guide you through complex legal issues.

  • Criminal Law

    Clear and Succinct Definitions

    Key concepts are concisely defined to help you understand legal topics quickly.

  • Property Law

    Statutory Provisions

    Statutory provisions are provided side by side with legal concepts to help you swiftly locate the relevant legislation.

  • Public Law

    Case Summaries

    We have summarised important cases for you so that you don't need to read long and boring cases.

  • Evidence

    Rules and Exceptions

    Rules and exceptions are clearly listed so that you know when a rule applies and when it doesn't.

  • Company Law

    Terminology

    Legal terms and key concepts are explained at the beginning of each chapter to help you learn efficiently.

  • Case Law

    Case law is provided side by side with legal concepts so that you know how legal principles and precedents were established.

  • Law Exam Guide

    Law Essay Guide

    You will learn essential law exam skills and essay writing techniques that are not taught in class.

  • Law Exam Guide

    Problem Question Guide

    We will show you how to answer problem questions step by step to achieve first-class results.

  • Conflict of Laws

    Structured Explanations

    Complex legal concepts are broken down into concise and digestible bullet point explanations.

  • Legal System and Method

    Legal Research

    You will learn legal research techniques with our study guide and become a proficient legal researcher.

  • Jurisprudence and Legal Theory

    Exam-focused

    All essential concepts, principles, and case law are included so that you can answer exam questions quickly.