What Is Natural Justice?

Natural justice is a fundamental concept in law that refers to the basic principles of fairness and equity. The concept of natural justice is deeply rooted in the idea that every person has the right to be treated fairly, and that they should not be subjected to arbitrary or unjust treatment.

The principles of natural justice are based on two core concepts: the right to a fair hearing and the rule against bias. These principles are essential to the functioning of any fair legal system and are intended to ensure that justice is served in a consistent and impartial manner.

The right to a fair hearing means that every person has the right to present their case before a fair and impartial tribunal. This tribunal may be a court of law, an administrative body, or any other forum that has the power to make decisions affecting a person's rights or interests. The right to a fair hearing includes the right to be heard, the right to be informed of the allegations against them, the right to cross-examine witnesses, and the right to be represented by a legal professional.

The rule against bias means that the tribunal must be impartial and free from any actual or perceived bias. This means that the decision-maker must approach the case with an open mind and without any preconceived notions or biases. If a tribunal is found to be biased, it may be required to recuse itself or be removed from the case entirely.

There are several other principles that are closely related to natural justice, including the right to be heard before a decision is made, the right to an adequate remedy, and the principle of proportionality. These principles are intended to ensure that any decision made by a tribunal is fair and just, and that the rights and interests of all parties are fully protected.

The principles of natural justice are essential to the functioning of any fair and just legal system. They ensure that all parties are treated fairly and that decisions are made based on the merits of the case, rather than any bias or prejudice. By upholding these principles, we can help to ensure that justice is served and that the rights and interests of all individuals are fully protected.
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