Your Cart
European Citizens' Initiatives

European Citizens' Initiatives

European Citizens' Initiatives (ECIs) are a means by which European Union citizens can propose new laws or changes to existing EU laws. ECIs were introduced in 2012 as part of the Treaty of Lisbon, which aimed to increase citizen participation in EU decision-making processes.


To launch an ECI, a group of at least seven EU citizens must submit a proposed initiative to the European Commission. The proposed initiative must relate to an issue within the EU's competence, meaning it must be within the scope of EU law. It must also be clear, concise, and not contrary to EU values.


Once the proposed initiative is submitted, the European Commission has two months to decide whether to register it. If the initiative is registered, the organisers can then start collecting signatures from EU citizens in support of the initiative. The minimum number of signatures required is 1 million, although there are additional requirements related to the number of signatures needed from each EU country.


If the required number of signatures is collected within a year, the organisers can then present their initiative to the European Commission, which must consider it and decide whether to propose legislation on the issue. However, the European Commission is not obligated to propose legislation, and it may decide to take other actions, such as issuing a communication or proposing a non-legislative initiative.


ECIs provide EU citizens with an important means of influencing EU decision-making processes and shaping EU policies. They allow citizens to propose new laws or changes to existing laws, and to force the European Commission to consider their proposals. However, the success of an ECI depends on the level of support it receives from EU citizens, and the European Commission has significant discretion in deciding how to respond to a successful ECI.

Featured Collection

UOLLB Features

UOLLB First Class Law Notes

Diagrams and Charts

Our carefully designed diagrams and charts will guide you through complex legal issues.

Clear and Succinct Definitions

Key concepts are concisely defined to help you understand legal topics quickly.

Statutory Provisions

Statutory provisions are provided side by side with legal concepts to help you swiftly locate the relevant legislation.

Case Summaries

We have summarised important cases for you so that you don't need to read long and boring cases.

Rules and Exceptions

Rules and exceptions are clearly listed so that you know when a rule applies and when it doesn't.

Terminology

Legal terms and key concepts are explained at the beginning of each chapter to help you learn efficiently.

Case Law

Case law is provided side by side with legal concepts so that you know how legal principles and precedents were established.

Law Essay Guide

You will learn essential law exam skills and essay writing techniques that are not taught in class.

Problem Question Guide

We will show you how to answer problem questions step by step to achieve first-class results.

Structured Explanations

Complex legal concepts are broken down into concise and digestible bullet point explanations.

Legal Research

You will learn legal research techniques with our study guide and become a proficient legal researcher.

Exam-focused

All essential concepts, principles, and case law are included so that you can answer exam questions quickly.