Your Cart
Steps to Write First-Class Law Essays

Steps in Writing First-Class Law Essays

Writing a first-class law essay requires a deep understanding of legal principles, critical analysis, and effective communication. Take your time, conduct thorough research, and ensure your arguments are supported by credible sources and legal reasoning. Here are the steps you can follow to write a successful law essay:

Before Writing

Understand the question: Read the essay prompt carefully to grasp the key issues and requirements. Identify the scope of the question and any specific instructions provided.

Research: Conduct thorough research using reliable and authoritative sources. This may include legislation, case law, academic articles, books, and reputable websites. Take notes and gather relevant materials to support your arguments.

Plan your essay: Create a clear and logical outline before you start writing. Organise your thoughts, arguments, and supporting evidence in a structured manner. This will help you maintain a focused and coherent essay.


Provide context: Begin with a brief introduction to the topic, setting the stage for the discussion.

State the thesis: Clearly articulate your main argument or position in response to the essay question. This should be concise and specific.

Body Paragraphs

Topic sentences: Start each paragraph with a clear topic sentence that relates to your thesis statement and supports your overall argument.

Develop your arguments: Present your main points, supported by relevant evidence, legal principles, case law, and statutory interpretation.

Apply legal principles: Demonstrate your understanding of relevant legal principles and concepts.

Case law: Refer to relevant case law to illustrate and support your arguments.

Legislation: Analyse applicable statutes and regulations and discuss their interpretation and impact.

Be logical and critical: Use logical reasoning and critical analysis to demonstrate your understanding and insight.

Use proper legal citation: When referencing case law or legislation, use accurate and consistent legal citation methods according to the required citation style (e.g., OSCOLA).

Counterarguments and Counter-analysis

Acknowledge opposing viewpoints: Address counterarguments or alternative interpretations of the law.

Rebut counterarguments: Offer a persuasive response to refute opposing views or demonstrate their weaknesses.

Strengthen your argument: Use counterarguments as an opportunity to strengthen your own position by showing why your analysis is more compelling.


Summarise key points: Provide a concise summary of your main arguments and findings.

Reinforce your thesis: Restate your thesis and emphasise its validity in light of the evidence presented.

Leave a lasting impression: End with a thought-provoking or impactful statement that leaves the reader thinking about the broader implications of your argument.

Structure and Coherence

Logical flow: Ensure that your essay follows a logical progression of ideas and arguments.

Paragraph structure: Each paragraph should focus on a single point and be well-developed.

Transitions: Use appropriate transition words and phrases to guide the reader from one idea to the next.

References and Citations

Reference list: Include a bibliography or reference list of all the sources used in your essay.

Citation style: Cite your sources accurately and consistently using the appropriate citation style (e.g., APA, MLA, OSCOLA).

Proofread and Edit

Language: Review your essay for grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors.

Organisation: Check sentence structure, clarity, and coherence.

Formatting: Ensure proper formatting, adherence to guidelines, and correct citation of sources.

Feedback: Consider seeking feedback from peers, professors, or writing tutors to improve the quality of your essay.

Review and Revise

Wait for a while: Take a break after writing and then review your essay with fresh eyes.

Revise: Read your essay again to see if you can revise and refine your arguments, ensuring coherence and clarity.

Final check: Before submission, check that your essay addresses the essay question effectively, maintains logical flow, and presents a well-supported argument.

Improve your law exam skills with our Law Exam Guide now.

Featured Collection

UOLLB Features

UOLLB First Class Law Notes

Diagrams and Charts

Our carefully designed diagrams and charts will guide you through complex legal issues.

Clear and Succinct Definitions

Key concepts are concisely defined to help you understand legal topics quickly.

Statutory Provisions

Statutory provisions are provided side by side with legal concepts to help you swiftly locate the relevant legislation.

Case Summaries

We have summarised important cases for you so that you don't need to read long and boring cases.

Rules and Exceptions

Rules and exceptions are clearly listed so that you know when a rule applies and when it doesn't.


Legal terms and key concepts are explained at the beginning of each chapter to help you learn efficiently.

Case Law

Case law is provided side by side with legal concepts so that you know how legal principles and precedents were established.

Law Essay Guide

You will learn essential law exam skills and essay writing techniques that are not taught in class.

Problem Question Guide

We will show you how to answer problem questions step by step to achieve first-class results.

Structured Explanations

Complex legal concepts are broken down into concise and digestible bullet point explanations.

Legal Research

You will learn legal research techniques with our study guide and become a proficient legal researcher.


All essential concepts, principles, and case law are included so that you can answer exam questions quickly.