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UOL Legal System and Method

Legal System and Method is a foundational exploration of the fundamental components that constitute the legal system in England and Wales. This course aims to provide students with a comprehensive understanding of the common law tradition, constitutional principles, and the workings of the legal system.

1. Common Law Tradition

This topic delves into the historical and philosophical underpinnings of the common law tradition. Students explore the development of legal principles through precedent and the evolution of the common law system.

2. Constitutional Principles

Constitutional principles form the foundation of the legal system. This module examines the principles that define the relationship between the state and individuals, emphasising constitutional safeguards and the protection of fundamental rights.

3. Principles of Justice

An understanding of justice is crucial in the legal system. This section explores the principles that guide the administration of justice, including fairness, impartiality, and equality before the law.

4. Sources of Law

This topic provides a comprehensive overview of the various sources of law, including legislation, common law, equity, and international law. Students analyse the hierarchy and interplay of these sources in shaping legal rules.

5. Legal Research

Legal research is a fundamental skill for legal professionals. This module covers techniques for effective legal research, utilising primary and secondary sources, legal databases, and academic literature.

6. Case Notes

Case notes involve summarising and analysing legal cases. Students learn to extract key information from cases, identify legal principles, and articulate the significance of decisions in concise written form.

7. Case Report

A more in-depth analysis of legal cases, case reports involve a thorough examination of the facts, issues, and legal reasoning. Students develop the ability to construct comprehensive and well-structured case reports.

8. Judicial Reasoning

This module explores the methods and principles underlying judicial reasoning. Students analyse how judges interpret and apply the law, including the use of precedent, statutory interpretation, and legal principles.

9. Courts of England and Wales

An understanding of the court system is essential. This topic examines the structure and jurisdiction of the courts in England and Wales, from lower courts to the Supreme Court.

10. Doctrine of Precedent

The doctrine of precedent is a cornerstone of the common law system. This module explores how precedent is created, applied, and distinguished, emphasising its role in legal reasoning.

11. Statutory Interpretation

Statutory interpretation is a crucial skill for legal professionals. Students learn how to interpret legislation, considering the purpose, context, and canons of construction used by the judiciary.

12. Judiciary

This module explores the role of the judiciary in the legal system. Students examine the functions, powers, and independence of the judiciary, emphasising its pivotal role in upholding the rule of law.

13. Judicial Appointment

Judicial appointment processes are crucial in ensuring a competent and independent judiciary. Students analyse the methods of judicial appointment, assessing the criteria and considerations involved.

14. Legal Proceedings

This section covers the procedures and mechanisms involved in legal proceedings, including pleadings, discovery, trial processes, and appeals. Students gain insight into the civil justice system.

15. Legal Professionals

An understanding of the roles and ethical considerations of legal professionals is essential. This module examines the duties and responsibilities of lawyers, judges, and other legal practitioners.

16. Civil Justice Process

Students explore the civil justice process, from the initiation of a case to its resolution. Topics include pleadings, discovery, trial procedures, and the enforcement of judgments.

17. Criminal Justice Process

The criminal justice process is examined, covering the stages from investigation and arrest to trial and appeal. Students gain insights into the roles of key actors and the protections afforded to defendants.

Through an in-depth examination of sources of law, legal research methods, judicial reasoning, and the roles of legal professionals, students will develop the essential skills and knowledge needed to navigate and contribute to the legal field. The module encompasses both civil and criminal justice processes, providing a holistic view of the legal system's operation.

Check out our exam-focused Legal System and Method notes now.

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Your perfect companion for open-book and closed-book exams

Diagrams and Charts

Our carefully designed diagrams and charts will guide you through complex legal issues.

Clear and Succinct Definitions

Key concepts are concisely defined to help you understand legal topics quickly.

Statutory Provisions

Statutory provisions are provided side by side with legal concepts to help you swiftly locate the relevant legislation.

Case Summaries

We have summarised important cases for you so that you don't need to read long and boring cases.

Rules and Exceptions

Rules and exceptions are clearly listed so that you know when a rule applies and when it doesn't.


Legal terms and key concepts are explained at the beginning of each chapter to help you learn efficiently.

Case Law

Case law is provided side by side with legal concepts so that you know how legal principles and precedents were established.

Law Essay Guide

You will learn essential law exam skills and essay writing techniques that are not taught in class.

Problem Question Guide

We will show you how to answer problem questions step by step to achieve first-class results.

Structured Explanations

Complex legal concepts are broken down into concise and digestible bullet point explanations.

Legal Research

You will learn legal research techniques with our study guide and become a proficient legal researcher.


All essential concepts, principles, and case law are included so that you can answer exam questions quickly.